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Many Americans have taken steps in recent years to protect their identity, and their efforts appear to be working. The Federal Trade Commission reported in March 2011 that identity-theft complaints have fallen by 20% between 2008 and 2010.¹
Still, more than 500,000 people have their identities stolen every year. If you haven’t taken measures to protect yourself, it may be a good idea to consider your options.²
Identity theft is a crime in which an individual illegally obtains and wrongfully uses another person’s personal information—such as a Social Security number, bank account number, or credit card number—generally for financial gain. Once a thief has possession of your personal information, it may be used to obtain a loan, run up credit card debt, or commit other crimes.
The U.S. Department of Justice recommends that individuals take four steps to help protect themselves against identity theft. These steps are represented by the acronym SCAM.³
S — Be stingy when it comes to giving out your personal information. Make sure the person requesting the information is on a “need-to-know” basis. For example, someone who claims to be calling from your bank does not need to know your mother’s maiden name if it’s already on file with the bank.
C — Check your financial information periodically. If you get hard-copy credit card or bank statements mailed to you, consider keeping these documents in a safe, secure location. Be skeptical if it appears the financial institution missed a month. Identity thieves may try to change the address on your accounts to keep their actions hidden from you for as long as possible.
A — From time to time, ask for a copy of your credit report. This report shows bank and financial accounts in your name and may help provide evidence if someone has used your name to open another account. To obtain a report, contact any of the three major credit bureaus, Equifax, Experian, or Transunion.
M — Maintain good records of your financial accounts and obligations. Experts recommend that you keep hard copies or electronic versions of monthly bank and credit card statements. Easy access to this information may make it easier to dispute a transaction, especially if your signature has been forged.
Recent trends indicate that government agencies, credit card companies, and individuals have become smarter about protecting personal information and identifying perpetrators.
Nevertheless, having your identity stolen may result in out-of-pocket financial loss, plus the additional cost of trying to restore your good name. Help protect yourself by using caution when sharing your personal information and keeping an eye out for warning signs.
Instances of identity theft are less frequent among individuals aged 50 and older. People age 20-29 are the prime targets.
Chart Source: Federal Trade Commission, 2011
The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Copyright 2013 FMG Suite.
This article is for information and educational purposes only and does not necessarily represent the opinion of Protective Life. Protective Life did not assist in the preparation of this material. Neither Protective nor its representatives offer legal or tax advice. For information about Protective Life and its products and services, visit www.protective.com.
Protective and Protective Life refer to Protective Life Insurance Company (PLICO) and its affiliates, including Protective Life & Annuity Insurance Company (PLAICO). FMG Suite is not an affiliate of PLICO and is responsible for its own financial conditions and obligations.
If you think you may have had your identity stolen, take action immediately. Start by contacting the Federal Trade Commission ( www.ftc.gov), where you can find information about what to do next.
U.S. Department of Justice, 2011
One well-known case of identity theft involved criminal-turned-FBI-consultant, Frank Abagnale, Jr. During a five-year period in the 1960s, Abagnale assumed at least eight separate identities and amassed millions of dollars using forged checks.