Preparation Today Can Reduce Uncertainty Tomorrow
Getting fired or laid off can be traumatic. Add in a healthy dash of anxiety about your pending financial insecurity, and the situation seems even worse. Fortunately, there are steps you could take now to help ensure that you can stay solvent for as long as possible, even if you don't have savings or an emergency fund to fall back on.
Apply for unemployment benefits immediately after losing a job.
Many people are unaware that unemployment payments are not retroactive. They only start the day you apply for unemployment, not when you lose the job, and your first check or disbursement can take more than a month to process depending on your state. If you're not certain that you actually qualify for unemployment benefits, apply anyway.
Make a revised budget.
It's time to take a good, hard look at your finances. If you don't already have a family budget, make one. (If you don't know how to budget money, you can find out how to make a budget and stick with it in the Protective Learning Center.) Once you've outlined all of your expenses, look at several recent bank statements to see where the rest of your money goes. As you review these documents, it may become obvious what little luxuries will have to be sacrificed.
Drop the non-essentials and adjust your lifestyle accordingly.
While it's optimistic to assume that you'll have a new job within a month or two, it may not be wise to live as if it's a guarantee. If you know a job loss is coming, you may want to make the necessary adjustments to your lifestyle ASAP, and take the time to explain to your family why it's important to scale back. Don't sugarcoat it, it could be better if your spouse and/or children were to see and understand that you're legitimately worried or anxious about your current situation.
Take on a new role.
Try as you might, it is difficult and unlikely that you will hunt for jobs eight hours a day. You might want to take over as many domestic duties as you can, and if you don't know how to cook or how to budget money, now's a great time to learn. Take care of couponing, grocery shopping, child transportation, etc. Do whatever you can to assist your working spouse while making your single-income home more harmonious. If there are freelance opportunities in your line of work, research them, and don't be afraid to get back in touch with old business contacts. You might also consider taking up a part-time job outside your normal field of expertise if your family needs the money.
Make the most of the assets you have.
If your unemployment period lasts longer than expected, you might consider liquidating some of your assets. Consider selling an additional vehicle you're not using, or hosting a garage sale to raise extra funds. If you have a large house or an in-law suite, you might consider renting out a room on a monthly basis. Do what you can to survive the short term but not to damage your long term planning efforts such as retirement accounts. Be wary of borrowing from your retirement funds during this time, as there are usually penalties for early withdrawals.