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If you’ve read any financial planning advice, you know you need an emergency fund– money set aside to help you cover unexpected expenses. If you have an emergency fund, little disasters, like a broken dishwasher, are a lot more manageable. Rather than blowing your budget or relying on credit cards, your emergency fund will help solve the problem while keeping you financially on track.
Before we get into the details of creating an emergency fund, let’s take a closer look at the definition of a financial emergency. Some think an emergency is the same as an unexpected expense, such as a large car repair bill or having to pay back-taxes. While these are unfortunate events, they can be anticipated and planned for. A true emergency should be defined as an expense that could not have been anticipated. Getting your annual bill for car insurance in the mail may feel like an emergency, but actually it is a failure to anticipate your expenses accurately.
You never know what life holds in store. Every day, we face the potential of all kinds of life-changing events we can never anticipate – from a broken ankle to a car accident to a lost job. For Americans living paycheck to paycheck, an unexpected event spells financial trouble. Paying for an emergency on a credit card is like putting out a fire with gasoline. It’s not a good use of your hard-earned dollars and the increased payment threshold makes it that much harder to stay afloat financially. Emergencies are inevitable, so plan ahead!
There are many schools of thought on how much cash you should keep accessible for emergencies. Most experts universally agree that you need at least $1,000 cash put away in a savings account that you don’t touch, not even to pay bills. Some recommend that you create an emergency fund with savings equal to four to eight months of income. Still others say that your emergency fund should be enough to cover essential expenses such as housing, transportation and food for three to six months.
Whatever the amount, your best option may include a combination of cold cash and accessible assets. For example, you may want to find ways to save money in cash and invest the rest of your emergency fund into investments you can quickly and easily liquidate if disaster strikes.
To save up the money you need, consider creating a budget and a savings plan you can sustain. Put away a small amount each month, but not so much that it creates a financial crisis! If possible, automate the savings transfer so it takes place without any thought. Keep emergency funds in a separate account so it’s harder to whisk the money away for expenditures that are not true emergencies.
The more you know about your spending, the better you can plan for spikes in your expenses and the fewer true emergencies you will have to weather. Create another non-emergency account to save money for predictable, occasional expenses such as insurance, taxes and home and vehicle maintenance.
The most important thing you need to know about emergency funds is that you need one. All experts agree that the best protection against disaster is a prudent reserve. Be protective of your life and family by establishing your personalized emergency fund today.
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All Learning Center articles are general summaries that can be used when considering your financial future at various life stages. The information presented is for educational purposes and meant to supplement other information specific to your situation. It is not intended as investment advice and does not necessarily represent the opinion of Protective Life or its subsidiaries.
Neither Protective Life nor its representatives offer legal or tax advice. We encourage you to consult with your financial adviser and legal or tax adviser regarding your individual situations before making investment, social security, retirement planning, and tax‐related decisions. For information about Protective Life and its products and services, visit www.protective.com.