The type of policyThere are certain policies that lend themselves better to charitable giving. For example, a term life policy may not be the ideal choice, only because it can potentially expire before you die. Permanent policies such as whole life or universal life don't carry an expiration date, as long as premiums are paid, and could better ensure a payout is made to your charity.
Tax deductionsThe tax deductible benefit for leaving your life insurance to a charity is equal to the policy's cash value, plus any premiums paid on the policy after the gift is made. However, to take advantage of the income tax benefit, you would need to name your charity as both the owner and the beneficiary.
Who receives what and how muchWhat if you don't want to leave your entire policy to a charity? When you name a charity as a beneficiary, you can specifically designate how much you want to give. Some life insurance carriers even provide the option of adding a charitable-giving life insurance rider. This rider can be attached to policies with high face values typically allowing up to 1-2 percent of the policy's final payout to go directly to the organization of your choice.
Keeping your options open
If you definitely want to donate your life insurance policy to a charity but aren't 100 percent sure which one (or think you might change your mind about an organization at some point in the future), then you should maintain ownership of the policy and simply name the charity you have in mind today as the beneficiary. This may exclude you from being eligible for an income tax deduction, but it allows you to easily change the beneficiary in the event you change your mind.
For more information on estate planning, visit the Protective Learning Center.