Retirement Planning

What Is A Retirement Annuity?

If you're looking for a way to turn your savings into retirement income, an annuity may be something to consider.

What is a Retirement Annuity?

Financial worries abound, with 40 percent of Americans worried that they will run out of money during retirement.1 Factors such as finding it difficult to pay bills from month to month, disappearing pensions, and possible Social Security cuts, contribute to the very real possibility of outliving your money. The fact is, one of the most complicated financial feats most of us will ever tackle is making our money last through our retirement. 

If you're worried that you won't have enough income for the lifestyle you want in retirement, you might want to discuss with a financial advisor or insurance professional about the potential benefits of using annuities as part of your overall retirement plan.

How does a retirement annuity work?

Designed to prevent the risk of outliving your income, annuities work by giving a lump sum or series of payments to an insurance company, and in return, the insurer agrees to pay you a guaranteed income for a certain length of time (or even for the rest of your life). Simply put, annuities can help turn your savings into retirement income so that you don't run out of money.


There are two types of annuities that investors can choose from when it comes to purchasing these instruments. Immediate annuities will begin paying a stream of income immediately upon issuance for either a set period of time or as long as the annuitant or annuitants are living. Immediate annuities are funded with a single lump-sum purchase. Deferred annuities will grow tax-deferred for a period of time before paying out, and they can be funded with either a single lump-sum purchase or with a series of payments. Some employer retirement plans even offer annuity contracts as investment alternatives for participants. Deferred annuities can be divided into separate categories:

  • Fixed annuities pay a guaranteed rate of interest for a set period of time and can offer a variety of interest rate guaranteed periods and payout options.
  • Fixed indexed annuities calculate an interest crediting rate according to a formula that is based on the performance of an underlying financial benchmark, such as the S&P 500 Index.
  • Variable annuities don't come with a principal guarantee like fixed and indexed annuities. The money that is invested in them is allocated among a selection of mutual fund-like subaccounts, which may rise or fall according to market conditions. Many variable annuity contracts offer living and death benefit riders that provide different guarantees within the contract. They typically come with additional costs.

Benefits of Annuities

The growth in your annuity is tax deferred, similar to the way earnings are handled with most retirement accounts. That means your money can compound year after year, without being taxed until you take withdrawals. And because any growth in your annuity value is generally not taxed until you take money out of the contract, the combination of tax deferral and the ability to establish guaranteed income can be an effective way to plan for retirement and other long term goals.


Whether you're currently retired, retiring soon, or retiring years from now, annuities can provide a variety of accumulation options. As you determine if an annuity may be right for you, remember that they are intended as vehicles for long-term retirement planning, which is why withdrawals reduce an annuity's remaining
death benefit, contract value, cash surrender value and future earnings. Withdrawals and payments from annuities also may be subject to income tax and, if taken prior to age 59 ½, an additional 10 percent IRS tax penalty may apply. Because Protective Life and its representatives do not offer legal, tax, or investment advice, it's important that you talk with your own legal, tax, or investment representative about your specific situation.

1. https://www.pwc.com/us/en/industries/private-company-services/library/financial-well-being-retirement-survey.html

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Product guarantees are backed by the financial strength and claims-paying ability of the issuing company. 

Investors should carefully consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of a variable annuity and the underlying investment options before investing. This and other information is contained in the prospectuses for a variable annuity and its underlying investment options. Prospectuses may be obtained by contacting PLICO at 800.265.1545.

An indexed annuity is not an investment in an index, is not a security or stock market investment and does not participate in any stock or equity investments.

Annuities are not a deposit, not insured by any federal government agency, carry no bank or credit union guarantee, are not FDIC/NCUA insured and may lose value.

Variable annuities issued by Protective Life Insurance Company (PLICO) in all states except New York and in New York by Protective Life & Annuity Insurance Company (PLAICO). Securities offered by Investment Distributors, Inc. (IDI). All companies located in Birmingham, AL. IDI is the principal underwriter for registered insurance products issued by PLICO and PLAICO, its affiliates.

All Learning Center articles are general summaries that can be used when considering your financial future at various life stages. The information presented is for educational purposes and is meant to supplement other information specific to your situation. It is not intended as investment advice and does not necessarily represent the opinion of Protective Life or its subsidiaries.

Learning Center articles may describe services and financial products not offered by Protective Life or its subsidiaries. Descriptions of financial products contained in Learning Center articles are not intended to represent those offered by Protective Life or its subsidiaries.

Neither Protective Life nor its representatives offer legal or tax advice. We encourage you to consult with your financial adviser and legal or tax adviser regarding your individual situations before making investment, social security, retirement planning, and tax-related decisions. For information about Protective Life and its products and services, visit www.protective.com.

Companies and organizations linked from Learning Center articles have no affiliation with Protective Life or its subsidiaries.

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